A Scientific Approach to Redistricting Analysis
College: Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
Award year: 2006-2007
All analyses of bias (partisan and otherwise) in electoral maps require some baseline. Most works on partisan gerrymandering use only aggregate data on seats and votes, and make comparisons against ideal standards of proportionality or seat responsiveness to vote change. They are thus subject to the complaint that their baselines unrealistically take no account of the idiosyncratic features of the given state. We propose a scientific basis for judging redistricting plans based on generating the full distribution of all possible redistricting configurations.