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Staff Directory

William Kramer portrait

William (Bill) Kramer,
Executive Director, NFI
Blue Waters Project Office
wtkramer@illinois.edu

Room: 4122E NCSA
Office Phone: 217-333-6260
Cell Phone: 217-979-7577
Preferred Contact Method: Email

Biography

William T.C. Kramer leads the National Center for Supercomputing Applications’ @Scale Science & Technologies program and is the principal investigator for NCSA’s Blue Waters project, which deployed and supports the highest sustained-performance computatonal and data analysis system available to the nation’s open research community. Bill also is a research professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Previously Kramer was the general manager of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, the flagship computing facility of the Department of Energy’s Office of Science, and head of the High Performance Computing Department at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Prior to Berkeley Lab, Kramer worked at the NASA Ames Research Center, where he was responsible for all aspects of operations and customer service for NASA’s principal supercomputer center.

Education

  • BS, computer science, Purdue University
  • MS, computer science, Purdue University
  • ME, electrical engineering, University of Delaware
  • PhD, computer science, UC Berkeley

General Skills

High Performance Computing and Data, Large Scale System Evaluation and Benchmarking, Reliability and Resiliency, Resource Management and System Scheduling, Application Benchmarking and Performance Evaluation, Distributed Computing, High Performance Data Analysis, Cyber Protection and Security, Design and Operation and Large, Efficient Data Centers, Large Scale Technical Project Management

Honors and Awards

  • Named one of HPCWire’s “People to Watch in 2013” by HPCWire Magazine in 2013
  • Named the first “Rockstar of HPC” on February 15, 2010 by Inside HPC.
  • Certificate of Appreciation – Association for Computing Machinery – March 2006
  • Certificate of Appreciation – Data Intensive Computing Environment – February 2006
  • Named one of HPCWire’s “People to Watch in 2005” by HPCWire Magazine in 2005
  • Four (4) LBNL Outstanding Performance Awards
  • Two (2) NASA Group Achievement Awards – 1987, 2006
  • NASA Special Achievement Award
  • DECUS Board of Director’s Medal
  • DECUS Outstanding Contributor Award
  • DECUS Outstanding Unit Award
  • Elected as the first Chair of the Open Science Grid Council – 2006-2007
  • Selected – General Conference Chair of SC 2005
  • Elected University of Delaware Employee Advisory Board
  • Elected Student Body Treasurer – Purdue University
  • Elected School of Science Advisory Board – Purdue University
  • USMA (West Point) appointment
  • Eagle Scout

Professional Certifications

  • DOE Level 2 IT Project Management –2005
  • General Services Administration Trail Boss (IT Acquisition Leader > $100M) Appointment – 1994
  • NASA Management Executive Program (MEP) Certificate– 1993
  • Stanford Business School Program on Managing Innovation
  • Certified Private Pilot
  • PADI Open Water Scuba Instructor/NAUI Open Water Diver
  • Emergency Medical Technician by State of Illinois
  • Certified Fire Fighter by State of Illinois

Grants

  • Principle Investigator DOE Office of Science Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science 0000216274, Holistic Measurement Driven Resilience: Combining Operational Fault and Failure Measurements and Fault Injection for Quantifying Fault Detection, Propagation and Impact – from 07/15/2015 to 07/14/2016 – $1,111,887
  • Principle Investigator NSF CISE/ACI- 1440733, GECAT – Global Initiative to Enhance @scale and distributed Computing and Analysis Technologies to address grand challenge problems around the world, from 9/1/2014 to 8/31/2019 – $2,000,000
  • Principle Investigator NSF CISE/ACI-1238993 Sustained-Petascale in Action: Blue Waters Enabling Transformative Science and Engineering – for 2013 to 2018 – $133,778,949
  • Principle Investigator NSF OCI-07-25070 – Leadership-Class Scientific and Engineering Computing: Breaking Through the Limits – 2013 to 2017 – $226,551,969
  • Past Grants
  • Co-Principle Investigator NSF OCI-07-25070 – Leadership-Class Scientific and Engineering Computing: Breaking Through the Limits – for 2009 to 2013
  • Principle Investigator on The DOE Science Grid – funded for 5 years as part of the DOE Office of Science Scientific Discovery (SciDAC).
  • Co-Principle Investigator for the Petascale Data Storage Institute – funded 5 years as part of the DOE Office of Science Scientific Discovery II (SciDAC-II).
  • Co-Principle Investigator for the Open Science Grid funded for 3 years as part of the DOE Office of Science Scientific Discovery II (SciDAC-II).
  • Principle Investigator of the Probe Project – funded for 5 years by the DOE MICs Office
  • Principle Investigator for Enhancing Commodity Scalar Processors with Vector Components for Increased Scientific Productivity – funded as an LBNL LDRD project
  • Principle Investigator for the DPSS – the Distributed Parallel Storage System – funded as an LBNL LDRD project – 1998

Current Projects

  • Principle Investigator DOE Office of Science Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science 0000216274, Holistic Measurement Driven Resilience: Combining Operational Fault and Failure Measurements and Fault Injection for Quantifying Fault Detection, Propagation and Impact – from 07/15/2015 to 07/14/2016 – $1,111,887
  • Principle Investigator NSF CISE/ACI- 1440733, GECAT – Global Initiative to Enhance @scale and distributed Computing and Analysis Technologies to address grand challenge problems around the world, from 9/1/2014 to 8/31/2019 – $2,000,000
  • Principle Investigator NSF CISE/ACI-1238993 Sustained-Petascale in Action: Blue Waters Enabling Transformative Science and Engineering – for 2013 to 2018 – $133,778,949
  • Principle Investigator NSF OCI-07-25070 – Leadership-Class Scientific and Engineering Computing: Breaking Through the Limits – 2013 to 2017 – $226,551,969

Past Project Appointments

  • University of Illinois, National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) Blue Waters Deputy Director, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL
  • NERSC General Manager, Division Deputy and High Performance Computing Department Head, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,
  • Director, Advanced Air Transportation Technologies Program, NASA AATT Program Office,
  • Branch Chief (GS-15), Computational Services Branch, Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS) Systems Division, NASA Ames Research Center,
  • High Speed Processor (Cray) Manager; Computational Services Branch, Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS) Systems Division, NASA Ames Research Center,
  • Project Leader; System Development Branch, Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS) Systems Division, NASA Ames Research Center,
  • EOC-II Project Leader; System Engineering Branch, Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS) Systems Division, NASA Ames Research Center,
  • Project Leader, Academic Computing, Systems Department, University of Delaware,
  • Programmer/Analyst, Research Department, Inland Steel Corporation, East Chicago, Indiana

Past Project Funding

  • Co-Principle Investigator NSF OCI-07-25070 – Leadership-Class Scientific and Engineering Computing: Breaking Through the Limits – for 2009 to 2013
  • Principle Investigator on The DOE Science Grid – funded for 5 years as part of the DOE Office of Science Scientific Discovery (SciDAC).
  • Co-Principle Investigator for the Petascale Data Storage Institute – funded 5 years as part of the DOE Office of Science Scientific Discovery II (SciDAC-II).
  • Co-Principle Investigator for the Open Science Grid funded for 3 years as part of the DOE Office of Science Scientific Discovery II (SciDAC-II).
  • Principle Investigator of the Probe Project – funded for 5 years by the DOE MICs Office
  • Principle Investigator for Enhancing Commodity Scalar Processors with Vector Components for Increased Scientific Productivity – funded as an LBNL LDRD project
  • Principle Investigator for the DPSS – the Distributed Parallel Storage System – funded as an LBNL LDRD project – 1998

Research Interests

High Performance Computing and Data, Large Scale System Evaluation and Benchmarking, Reliability and Resiliency, Resource Management and System Scheduling, Application Benchmarking and Performance Evaluation, Distributed Computing, High Performance Data Analysis, Cyber Protection and Security, Design and Operation and Large, Efficient Data Centers, Large Scale Technical Project Management

Software Developed

  • Led the development efforts for the original Network Queuing System – the first batch processing system for UNIX
  • Led the system requirements definition for the Portable Batch[queuing] System
  • Helped specify and design the GPFS-HPSS Interface for hierarchical storage management

Other Campus Affiliations

  • Full Research Professor, Department of Computer Science

Publications

Dissertation

William Kramer, PERCU: A Holistic Method for Evaluating High Performance Computing Systems, A Dissertation, University of California Berkeley, October 2008. http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2008/EECS-2008-143.pdf

Book Chapters

  • Kramer, William, Michelle Butler, Gregory Bauer, Kalyana Chadalavada, Celso Mendes, Blue Waters Parallel I/O Storage Sub-system, High Performance Parallel I/O, Prabhat and Quincey Koziol editors, CRC Publications, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton FL, 2015, Hardback Print ISBN 13:978-1-4665-8234-7.
  • Brett Bode, Michelle Butler, Thom Dunning, William Gropp, Torsten Hoe- fler, Wen-mei Hwu, and William Kramer (alphabetical). The Blue Waters Super-System for Super-Science. Contemporary HPC Architectures, Jeffery Vetter editor. Sitka Publications, November 2012. Edited by Jeffrey S . Vetter, Chapman and Hall/CRC 2013, Print ISBN: 978-1-4665-6834-1, eBook ISBN: 978-1-4665-6835-8

Referred Journals

  • Cappello, Franck, Al Geist, William Gropp, Sanjay Kale, Bill Kramer, Marc Snir, Toward Exascale Resilience: 2014 update, Supercomputing Frontiers and Innovations, Jack Dongarra and Vladimir Voevodin editors, June 2014.
  • Gainaru, Ana, Franck Cappello, Marc Snir, William Kramer – Failure prediction for HPC systems and applications: current situation and open issues, International Journal of High Performance Computing, 2013.
  • Dongarra, Jack et al., The International Exascale Software Project Roadmap. Int. Journal of High Performance Computing Applications 25(1): 3-60 (2011)
  • Cappello, Franck, Al Geist, William Gropp, L. Kale, Bill Kramer, and Marc Snir. Toward Exascale Resilience. Int. Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, 23(4):374{388, 2009, http://hpc.sagepub.com/content/23/4.toc
  • Kramer William, and David Skinner, An Exascale Approach to Software and Hardware Design, International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications November 2009 23: 389-391, doi:10.1177/1094342009347768, http://hpc.sagepub.com/content/23/4.toc
  • William Kramer and David Skinner, Consistent Application Performance at the Exascale, International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications November 2009 23: 392-394, doi:10.1177/1094342009347700, http://hpc.sagepub.com/content/23/4.toc
  • Maccabe, Arthur, H. Falter, and William Kramer, Resource Management, International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications November 2009 23: 347-349, doi:10.1177/1094342009347498
  • Fiedler, Robert, Robert Wilhelmson, William Kramer, and Brett Bode, Blue Waters: Application-Driven System Design For Sustained Petascale Performance, IEEE Computer, November 2009, p. 29.
  • Simon, Horst, William Kramer, William Saphir, John Shalf, David Bailey, Leonid Oliker,Michael Banda, C. William McCurdy, John Hules, Andrew Canning, Marc Day,PhilipColella, David Serafini, Michael Wehner and Peter Nugent, Science-Driven System Architecture: A New Process for Leadership Class Computing, Journal of the Earth Simulator, Vol 2, p 1-9, January 2005, ISSN 1349-2675.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Deborah A Agarwall, Arie Shoshani, Brent Draney, Guojin Jin, Gregory Butler and John Hules, Deep Scientific Computing Requires Deep Data, the IBM Journal on Research and Development, Volume 48, Number 2, March 2004. (Featured Article)
  • McCurdy, C. William, Horst D. Simon, William T.C. Kramer, Robert F. Lucas, William E. Johnston, David H. Bailey, Future Directions in Scientific Supercomputing for Computational Physics, Computer Physics Communications, August 2002 issue 147, Elsevier Science, p 34-39.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Building Network Testbeds for High Performance Applications, IEEE Computer Magazine, June 2002 (Cover Article)

Referred Conference Proceedings

  • Gajbe, Manisha, Kalyana Chadalavada, Gregory Bauer, William Kramer, Benchmarking and Performance Studies of Mapreduce, Hadoop Framework on Blue Waters Supercomputer, ABDA’15 International Conference on Advances in Big Data Analytics (http://www.worldacademyofscience.org/worldcomp15/ws/conferences/abda15), Las Vegas, USA, July 27-30, 2015
  • Martino, Catello, Zbigniew Kalbarczyk, William Kramer, Ravishankar K. Iyer Measuring and Understanding Extreme-Scale Application Resilience: A Field Study of 5,000,000 HPC Application Runs, The 45th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN 2015), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 22-24 2015 – Best Paper Award Candidate
  • Di Martino, Catello, F. Baccanico, W. Kramer, J. Fullop, J, Z Kalbarczyk, and R Iyer, Lessons Learned From the Analysis of System Failures at Petascale: The Case of Blue Waters, The 44th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN 2014), June 23-26 2014 – Best Paper Award
  • Mendes, Celso, Greg Bauer, William Kramer, Robert Feidler, Expanding Blue Waters with Improved Acceleration Capability, 2014 Cray User Group Proceedings, Lugano, Switzerland, May 5-8, 2014
  • Kramer, William, Measuring Sustained Performance on Blue Waters with the SPP Metric, Cray User Group 2013, May 10, 2013, Napa California.
  • Mendes, Celso L., Brett Bode, Gregory H. Bauer, Joseph R. Muggli, Cristina Beldica and William T. Kramer, Blue Waters Acceptance: Challenges and Accomplishments, Cray User Group 2013, May 10, 2013, Napa California.
  • Gainaru Ana, F. Cappello, M. Snir, B. Kramer, Failure prediction for HPC systems and applications: current situation and open issues, International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, SAGE, 2013
  • Gainaru, Ana, Franck Cappello, Marc Snir, William Kramer, Fault prediction under the microscope: A closer look into HPC systems. ACM/IEEE SC12, November 12-15, 2012, Salt Lake City, UT
  • Kramer, William. Top500 versus Sustained Performance – Or the Top Problems with the TOP500 List – And What to Do About Them. 21ST International Conference On Parallel Architectures And Compilation Techniques (PACT12), September 19-23, 2012, Minneapolis, MN
  • Gainaru, Ana, Franck Cappello, William Kramer, Taming of the Shrew: Modeling the Normal and Faulty Behavior of Large-scale HPC Systems, IPDPS 2012, Shanghai, China. May 21-24, 2012
  • Muggli Joseph, Brett Bode, Torsten Hoefler, William Kramer, Celso L. Mendes, Blue Waters Testing Environment, Cray User Group Annual Meeting, Stuttgart Germany. April 29-May 3, 2012
  • Bauer, Gregory H., Torsten Hoefler, William T. Kramer, Robert A. Fiedler, Analyses and Modeling of Applications Used to Demonstrate Sustained Petascale Performance on Blue Waters, Cray User Group Annual Meeting, Stuttgart Germany. April 29-May 3, 2012
  • Kramer, William, Blue Waters – A Super System for Super Challenges, Cray User Group Annual Meeting, Stuttgart Germany. April 29-May 3, 2012
  • Kramer, William, How to Measure Useful, Sustained Performance, ACM/IEEE SC11, November 12-18, 2011, Seattle, WA
  • Heien E. M., D. Kondo, A. Gainaru, D. Lapine, B. Kramer, F. Cappello, Modeling and Tolerating Heterogeneous Failures in Large Parallel Systems, ACM/IEEE SC11, November 12-18, 2011, Seattle, WA
  • Gainaru, Ana, Franck Cappello, Joshi Fullop, Stefan Trausan-Matu, Bill Kramer, Adaptive Event Prediction Strategy with Dynamic Time Window for Large-Scale HPC Systems, Managing Large-Scale Systems via the Analysis of System Logs and the Application of Machine Learning Techniques 2011, Cascais, Portugal
  • Gainaru Anna, Franck Cappello, Bill Kramer, Event log mining tool for large scale HPC systems, Proceedings of Europar 2011, August 29-September 2, 2011, Bordeaux France.
  • Kramer, William, NERSC 2016—Extreme Computation and Data for Science, Proceedings of the Cray User Group 2008, Helsinki, Finland, May 5-8, 2008
  • He, Yun (Helen), William T.C. Kramer, Jonathan Carter, Nicholas Cardo, Franklin: User Experiences, Proceedings of the Cray User Group 2008, Helsinki, Finland, May 5-8, 2008
  • Kramer, William T.C., PERCU Results in a Reawakened Relationship for NERSC and Cray, Cray User Group (CUG 2007) Conference, Seattle, WA, May 2007.
  • Kramer, William T.C., NERSC Experience Implementing a Facility Wide Global File System, 12th ECMWF (European Center for Mid-range Metrological Forecasting) Workshop on the Use of High Performance Computing in Meteorology, Reading, England, October 2006.
  • Xu, Wei, Joseph Hellerstein, William Kramer and David Patterson, Control Considerations for Scaling Event Correlation, 16th IFIP/IEEE Distributed Systems: Operations and Management (DSOM 05), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain, October 24-26, 2005
  • Skinner, David and William Kramer, Understanding the Causes of Performance Variability in HPC Workloads, 2005 IEEE International Symposium on Workload Characterization (IISWC-2005), October 6-8, 2005, Austin, Texas
  • Kramer, William T.C. Creating Science Driven Architectures, Report for the Workshop on the Use of High Performance Computing in Meteorology, Reading England, October 2004, Workshop proceedings 2005.
  • Kramer, William and Clint Ryan, Performance Variability on Highly Parallel Architectures, the International Conference on Computational Science 2003, Melbourne Australia and St. Petersburg Russia, June 2-4, 2003.
  • McCurdy, C. William, Horst D. Simon, William T.C. Kramer, Robert F. Lucas, William E. Johnston and David Bailey, Future Directions in Scientific Supercomputing for Computational Physics, Conference on Computational Physics 2001, September 5-8 2001, Aachen Gremany.
  • Wong, Adrian T., Leonid Oliker, William T. C. Kramer, Teresa L. Kaltz, and David H. Bailey, Evaluating System Effectiveness in High Performance Computing Systems,. Proceedings of SC2000, November 2000 Postscript | PDF
  • Wong, Adrian T., Leonid Oliker, William T. C. Kramer, Teresa L. Kaltz, and David H. Bailey, System Utilization Benchmark on the Cray T3E and IBM SP, 5th Workshop on Job Scheduling Strategies for Parallel Processing, May 2000, Cancun Mexico.
  • Simon, Horst D., William T. C. Kramer, and Robert F. Lucas , Building the Teraflops/Petabytes Production Supercomputing Center, EuroPar ’99 in Toulouse, France, September 1999, and published in the Proceedings.
  • Castagnera, Karen, et al, NAS Experiences with a Prototype Cluster of Workstations, Supercomputing 94, Washington, D.C., November 15, 1994
  • Kramer, William T.C., Large Memory Applications, invited presentation at the Digital Equipment Computer User Society Symposia, Anaheim, CA, December 1992.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Selection of Computer Graphics Hardware and Software, May 1986, a two day seminar offered at the University of Delaware.
  • Kramer, William T.C., System Wide Performance Analysis for the Cray-2, Fall 1987 Cray User Group Meeting Proceedings for Bologna, Italy, September, 1987.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Techniques of Protocol Validation, May 1985, Proceedings of the Digital Equipment Users Society Vol. 11 No. 1.
  • Kramer, William T.C., DEC-10 FORTRAN Optimization, December 1981, Reports of the DECsystem-10/20 Fall 1981 U.S. DECUS Meeting.
  • Kramer, William T.C., DEC-10 User’s Guide to Running Large FORTRAN Programs, Nov. 1980, Reports of the DECsystem-10/20 Fall 1980 U.S. DECUS Meeting.

Referred Tutorials

  • Lau, Steven, Scott Campbell, William Kramer, Brian Tierney, Computing Protection in Open HPC Environments , a full day Tutorial at SC|06, November, 2006 in Tampa, FL
  • Lau, Steven, Scott Campbell, William Kramer, Cybersecurity at Open Scientific Facilities, a half day Tutorial at SC|05, November, 2005 in Seattle, WA
  • Paxson, Vern, Steven Lau, James Rothfuss and William Kramer; Cybersecurity at Open Scientific Facilities, a full day Tutorial at SC 2004, November, 2004 in Pittsburgh, PA
  • Paxson, Vern, Steven Lau, James Rothfuss and William Kramer; Trends in Computer Security for Open Scientific Facilities, a 1/2 day Tutorial at SC 2003, November, 2003 in Phoenix, AZ
  • Kramer, William and Steven Lau; Trends in Computer Security for Open Scientific Facilities, accepted as a 1/2 day Tutorial at the Global Grid Forum – 8, June 27, 2003 in Seattle, WA
  • Kramer, William and Steven Lau; Trends in Computer Security for Open Scientific Facilities, accepted as a 1/2 day High Performance Distributed Computing Conference – 12, June 22, 2003 in Seattle, WA
  • Paxson, Vern, Steven Lau, James Rothfuss and William Kramer; Trends in Computer Security for Open Scientific Facilities, as a full day Tutorial at SC 2002, November 18, 2003 in Baltimore, MD
  • Paxson, Vern, Steven Lau, James Rothfuss and William Kramer; Trends in Computer Security for Open Scientific Facilities, a full day Tutorial at SC 2002, November 16-22 in Baltimore, MD
  • Kramer William T.C., Francesca Verdier, Keith Fitzgerald, James Craw, and Tammy Welcome, High Performance Computing Facilities for the Next Millennium, presented at SC99, Portland, OR, and published as part of the Tutorials Program, November 1999
  • Shoshani, Arie, Craig Tull, Brian Tierney, Harvard Holmes, Robert Lucas and William T.C. Kramer, Large Scale, Data Intensive Computing, referred, full day tutorial at the SC ’98 Conference, November 8, 1998, Orlando, FL.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Horst Simon, C. William McCurdy, Reinventing the Supercomputer Center, refereed tutorial at the Supercomputing ‘96 Conference, November 1996, Pittsburgh, PA.
  • Kramer, William T.C., and Horst Simon, High Performance Distributed Computing in a Supercomputing Environment: Computational Services and Applications Issues, half day tutorial for the Third International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, San Francisco CA, August 4, 1994.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Computational Services in the UNIX Supercomputer Environment, referred, full day tutorial presented at Supercomputing 93, Portland, OR, November 15, 1993.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Computational Services in the UNIX Supercomputer Environment, half day tutorial presented at Supercomputing 92, Minneapolis, MN, November 1992.
  • Kramer, William T.C. and Flatten, James, Selection of Computer Graphics Hardware and Software, two day seminar for University of Delaware Extension, May 1986.
  • Kramer, William T.C. and Flatten, James, Selection of Computer Graphics Hardware and Software, May 1985 and December 1984, a one day seminar offered at the respective Spring and Fall U.S. DECUS Symposium.

Workshop Reports

  • Dongarra, Jack et al., The International Exascale Software Project Roadmap. 2011
  • Katz, D.S., J. Daly, N. DeBardeleben, M. Elnozahy, B. Kramer, L. Lathrop, N. Nystrom, K. Milfeld, S. Sanielevici, S. Cott and L. Votta, 2009 Fault Tolerance for Extreme-Scale Computing Workshop, Albuquerque, NM, March 19-20, 200, Argonne National Laboratory Technical Memorandum ANL/MCS-TM-312}, December, 2009.
  • William Kramer, et. Al. Report of the Petascale Systems Integration Workshop, San Francisco, California, May 15-16, 2007
  • William Kramer, Michael Resch, Best Practices in HPC Procurements Workshop at SC 06, November, 2006 in Tampa, FL.
  • Report of the Simulation & Modeling for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems Workshop, Washington, D.C., August 15, 2006
  • Ray Bair (Editor), Deborah Agarwal, Arthur S. Bland, Julian Bunn, Charles Catlett, C.W. Cork, David Dixon, T.N. Earnest, Ian Foster, Dennis Gannon, M.J. Greenwald, Jason Hodges, William Johnston, William Kramer, James Leighton, G. McDermott, Sandy Merola, Thomas Ndousse-Fetter, Harvey Newman, Larry Rahn, David Schissel, Mary Anne Scott, Gary Strand, Rick Stevens, J.R. Taylor, Brian Tierney, James B. White III, Michael Wilde, Linda Winkler, High-Performance Networks for High- Impact Science: Report of the August 13-15, 2002, Workshop Conducted by the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. http://doecollaboratory.pnl.gov/meetings/hpnpw/finalreport/high-performance_networks.pdf
  • Bailey, David, et al. Valuation of Ultra-Scale Computing Systems: A White Paper, published as an official report of the Department of Energy, December 22, 1999.

White Papers

  • Kramer, W et.al., Accelerating Scientific Discovery and Engineering Practice through Advanced, High Spectrum Computing and Data Analysis (tables) , BrainstormHPCD Workshop, January 21-23 , 2015, Dallas TX.
  • Horst D. Simon, C. William McCurdy William T.C. Kramer – Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Rick Stevens, Argonne National Laboratory; Mike McCoy, Mark Seager, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Thomas Zacharia, Jeff Nichols, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Ray Bair, Scott Studham, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; William Camp, Robert Leland, Sandia National Laboratories; John Morrison, Bill Feiereisen, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Creating Science-Driven Computer Architecture: A New Path to Scientific Leadership, White Paper submitted the High End Computing Revitialization Task Force, June 2003.
  • R. Scott Studham, Arthur S. Bland, William T.C. Kramer, Robin Goldstone, Cheryl Wampler, David A. Dixon, Robert Ayers, Best practices for the procurement process of high performance computers by the Federal government, White Paper submitted the High End Computing Revitialization Task Force, June 2003.
  • Johnston W.E., W. T. C. Kramer, J. F. Leighton, Charlie Catlett; A Vision for DOE Scientific Networking Driven by High Impact Science, March 15, 2002 – a white paper for the DOE Community at http://www.lbl.gov/CS/Network_Vision_Whitepaper.pd

Other

  • Kramer, William T.C. and Horst Simon, The NERSC Global File System, Peer Reviewed Poster Paper at the International Conference on Supercomputing, June 27-30, 2006. Dresden Germany
  • Kramer, William T.C., Vaxes Share the Supercomputer Environment, invited, feature article, August 3, 1987, Digital Review.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Digital Signal Processing with Microprocessors, a graduate thesis at the University of Delaware.

Technical Reports

LBNL

  • Kramer, William T.C. Yun (Helen) He, Jonathan Carter, Josephy Glenski, Lynn Rippe, Nicholas Cardo, Holistic Evaluation of Lightweight Operating Systems using the PERCU Method, LBNL Technical Report Number TBD, July 2008
  • Makhtarani, Akbar, William Kramer, Jason Hick, Reliability Results of NERSC Systems, LBNL Technical Report number LBNL-934480, June 15, 2008, http://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/934480-gG3q6y/
  • William T.C. Kramer and John Hules, How Are We Doing? A Self-Assessment of the Quality of Services and Systems at NERSC, 2005-2006, LBNL Technical Report, LBNL-62117, March 2007.
  • Kramer, William T.C., J. Carter, D. Skinner, L. Oliker, P. Husbands, P. Hargrove, J. Shalf, O. Marques, E. Ng, T. Drummond, K. Yelick (2006). Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s. LBNL Technical Report number LBNL-59999
  • Yelick, K., S. Kamil, W. T. Kramer, L. Oliker, J. Shalf, H. Shan, and E. Strohmaier (2005). Science Driven Supercomputing Architectures: Analyzing Architectural Bottlenecks with Applications and Benchmark Probes, September 2005, LBNL Technical Report number LBNL-58914, http://www-library.lbl.gov/docs/LBNL/589/14/PDF/LBNL-58914.pdf
  • Kramer, William; Shalf, John, Strohmaier, Erich, The NERSC Sustained System Performance (SSP) Metric, September 18, 2005, LBNL Technical Report number LBNL-58868
  • Horst D. Simon, William T. C. Kramer, David H. Bailey, Michael J. Banda, E. Wes Bethel, Jonathon T. Carter, James M. Craw, William J. Fortney, John A. Hules, Nancy L. Meyer, Juan C. Meza, Esmond G. Ng, Lynn E. Rippe, William C. Saphir, Francesca Verdier, Howard A. Walter, Katherine A. Yelick. Science-Driven Computing: NERSC’s Plan for 2006-2010, May 18, 2005, LBNL Technical Report, LBNL-57582. http://www-library.lbl.gov/docs/LBNL/575/82/PDF/LBNL-57582.pdf
  • Jonathan Carter, Antonio Garcia-Martinez, Bill Kramer, Automatic Analysis of Regulatory Networks, LBNL Technical Publication, Number TBD, June 2003
  • Antonio Garcia-Martinez, Bill Kramer, Gene Transcription Networks: An Algorithmic Perspective, LBNL Technical Publication, Number TBD, June 2003
  • Kramer, William and Clint Ryan, Performance Variability on Highly Parallel Architectures – the Details, LBNL Technical Publication, Number TBD, February 2003
  • McCurdy, C. William, Rick Stevens, Horst Simon, William Kramer, et al, Creating a Science Driven Computer Architecture: A Path to Scientific Leadership, LBNL Technical Publication, Number 5483, October 2002
  • Kramer, William, Wes Bethel, James Craw, Brent Draney, William Fortney, Brent Gorda, William Harris, Nancy Meyer, Esmond Ng, Francesca Verdier, Howard Walter, Tammy Welcome; NERSC Strategic Implementation Plan 2002-2006, LBNL Technical Report #TBD, May 2002
  • Johnston W.E., W. T. C. Kramer, J. F. Leighton, Charlie Catlett; A Vision for DOE Scientific Networking Driven by High Impact Science, March 15, 2002 – a http://www.lbl.gov/CS/Network_Vision_Whitepaper.pdf
  • NERSC 2001 Annual Report, LBNL Technical Report, March, 2002 at http://www.nersc.gov/research/annrep01/04RD_scidac.htmlOther Presentations
  • Strategic Proposal for the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center FY2002 – FY2006, LBNL Technical Report # 5465, December 21, 2001. At http://www.nersc.gov/aboutnersc/pubs/Strategic_Proposal_final.pdf
  • Kramer, William T.C., et. al., Building and Measuring a High Performance Network, LBNL Technical Report # 47274, January 4, 2001
  • Wong, Adrian T., Leonid Oliker, William T. C. Kramer, Teresa L. Kaltz, and David H. Bailey, Evaluating System Effectiveness in High Performance Computing Systems, LBNL Technical report LBNL 44542, November 1999
  • Kramer William, Francesca Verdier, Keith Fitzgerald, James Craw, and Tammy Welcome, High Performance Computing Facilities for the Next Millennium, LBNL Technical Report LBNL-44700, October 1999.
  • Kramer, William T.C., How Are We Doing? A Self Assessment of the Quality of Services and Systems at NERSC (Oct. 1, 1997- Dec 31, 1998), LBNL Technical Report LBNL-43131, May 1999
  • Kramer, William. T.C., et al., How are we Doing? A self Assessment of the Quality of Services and Systems at NERSC (Oct. 1 1996 to Sept. 30, 1997), LBNL Technical Report # 41522, February 1998.
  • Simon, Horst, C. William McCurdy, William T.C. Kramer, and Alexander X. Merola, The New NERSC Program for FY 1997 — An Overview of Current and Proposed Efforts, December 18 1996, revised April 3, 1997.

NASA Ames

  • Kramer, William T.C., Metrics Forum Improves Quality of NAS Products and Services, NAS News, Vol. 2/No 6, November-December, 1994, NAS Technical Report, RNS-94-003, April 1994.
  • Castagnera, Karen, et al, Clustered Workstations and their Potential Role as High Speed Compute Processors, NAS Technical Report, RNS-94-003, April 1994.
  • NASA’s Office of Aeronautics Scientific and Engineering Computing Plan – August 1994
  • NASA’s Aeronautics Consolidated Supercomputing Facility Project Plan – June 1993
  • NAS Systems Division Extended Operation Configuration Design and Development Plan- 1987
  • Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation Program NPSN System Specification for the Extended Operation Configuration – September 1986

Panels, Workshops/Meetings Organized

  • rganizer, Holistic Co-Design Approach using Application Performance Modeling and Simulation for System Design, Evaluation, and Optimization, accepted for SC 11, November 2011 in Seattle, WA
  • Panel Participant, Who Should Keep Our Data Safe, SC 10, New Orleans, LA, November 18, 2010
  • Garth A. Gibson, Darrell Long, Peter Honeyman, Gary A. Grider, William T.C. Kramer, Philip C. Roth, Evan J. Felix, Lee Ward, Fifth Petascale Data Storage Workshop, held in conjunction with SC 10, New Orleans LA, November, 2010
  • Garth A. Gibson, Darrell Long, Peter Honeyman, Gary A. Grider, William T.C. Kramer, Philip C. Roth, Evan J. Felix, Lee Ward, Fourth Petascale Data Storage Workshop, held in conjunction with SC 09, Portland OR, November, 2009
  • Garth A. Gibson, Darrell Long, Peter Honeyman, Gary A. Grider, William T.C. Kramer, Philip C. Roth, Evan J. Felix, Lee Ward, Third Petascale Data Storage Workshop, held in conjunction with SC 08, Portland OR, November, 2008
  • Co-Organizer of the DOE Best Practices Series Risk Management Techniques and Practice Workshop for High-Performance Computing Centers Workshop – September 18, 2008, San Francisco, CA – http://www.nersc.gov/assets/NewsPubsHPC-workshops/081217RMTAPreport.pdf
  • Garth A. Gibson, Darrell Long, Peter Honeyman, Gary A. Grider, William T.C. Kramer, Philip C. Roth, Evan J. Felix, Lee Ward, Second Petascale Data Storage Workshop, held in conjunction with SC 07, Reno Nevada, November, 2007
  • Panel Organizer for Exotic Technologies for HPC Computational Systems at SC 06, at SC|06, November, 2006 in Tampa, FL
  • Garth A. Gibson, Darrell Long, Peter Honeyman, Gary A. Grider, William T.C. Kramer, Philip C. Roth, Evan J. Felix, Lee Ward, Second Petascale Data Storage Workshop, held in conjunction with SC 06, Tampa FL, November, 2006
  • Workshop Co-Organizer for Best Practices in HPC Acquisitions, held in conjunction with SC 06, at SC|06, Tampa, FL, November, 2006
  • Panel Organizer at the International Conference on Supercomputing, June 28, 2006, Dresden, Germany

Invited Presentations

  • Second Big Data and Extreme Computing Workshop (BDEC-2), Fukuoka Japan, February 25-28, 2014
  • Kramer, William, NERSC’s Contributions to the World’s Supercomputing Community, NERSC 40th Anniversary User Group Meeting, February, 2014
  • Kramer, William, Blue Waters and the Future of @Scale Computing and Analysis, 4th RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science International Symposium, Kobe, Japan, December 2-3, 2013
  • Kramer, William, Extreme Scale Computational Atmospheric Science – Insights for the Petascale Vantage Point, Computational Atmospheric Sciences 2013, (CAS2K13), Annecy, France, September 9-13, 2013.
  • Kramer, William. What Petascale System Resiliency is Telling Us About Exascale Resiliency, International Supercomputing Conference, June 22 2013, Leipzig, Germany.
  • Kramer, William. Measuring Sustained Performance on Blue Waters with the SPP Metric, Cray User Group 2013, May 10, 2013, Napa California.
  • Kramer, William. Blue Waters and Resource Management – Now and in the Future, keynote Address at Moabcon 2013, April 10, 2013, Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • Kramer, William. Top500 versus Sustained Performance – Or the Top Problems with the TOP500 List – And What to Do About Them. Keynote at the 21ST International Conference On Parallel Architectures And Compilation Techniques (PACT12), September 19-23, 2012, Minneapolis, MN
  • Kramer, William. What Blue Waters is Already Teaching Us about Petascale Computing. Keynote at the Front Range High Performance Computing Symposium, August 12-13, 2012, Fort Collins, CO
  • Kramer, William, Challenges and Opportunities for Exscale Resource Management and how Today’s Petascale Systems are Guiding the Way, Keynote at the SLRUM Resource Management Workshop, September 23, 2011, Phoenix AZ
  • Kramer, William. Practical Aspects of HPC Parallel Computing, Opening Talk for the VSCSE Programming and Tools Summer School, July 8, 2011
  • Dunning, Thom, W. Kramer, et. al., The Blue Waters Report – An Extraordinary Computer to Enable Extraordinary Research, Joint Laboratory for Petascale Computing, June 27-29, 2011, Grenoble, France
  • Dunning, Thom, W Kramer, et.al. Blue Waters – A Super-System to Explore the Expanse and Depth of 21st Century Science, Great Lakes Consortium for Petascale Computing, May 2011, Chicago, IL
  • Kramer, William, The Crisis in Massive Storage, Keynote at the 26th IEEE (MSST2010) Symposium on Massive Storage Systems and Technologies, May 3-7 2010, Lake Tahoe, CA
  • Kramer, William, et. al., How Blue Waters is Addressing the Challenges and Opportunities of Peta-scale Computing, Keynote for SuperTag 2009, Amsterdam, NL, December 2009
  • Kramer, William, System Failure Experiences with Large Systems, invited talk at the Fault Tolerance in Extreme Scale Systems Workshop, March 19-20, 2009, Albuquerque, NM
  • Kramer William, Update on the Blue Waters Project, HPC Asia, March 2-5,2009, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  • Kramer, William, T.C., The Biggest Challenges for Petascale Systems, LCI Cluster Computing Workshop, April 29-May 1, 2008, Champaign, Illinois
  • Kramer, William, T.C., Status of the OSG, The Open Science Grid All Hands Meeting, March 5, 2008, Raleigh NC,
  • William Kramer, NERSC – Extreme Storage and Computation for Science, Keynote presentation at the Storage Network World Conference, April 7-10, 2008, Orlando FL
  • Kramer, William T.C., Cray’s XT4 Integration and Progress at NERSC, Cray Technical Workshop, February 26-27, 2008, San Francisco, CA
  • Kramer, William T.C., Challenges of Petascale System Integration into Large Scale Facilities, Petascale Systems Integration into Large Scale Facilities Workshop, San Francisco, CA, May 2007.
  • Kramer, William T.C., PERCU Results in a Reawakened Relationship for NERSC and Cray, Cray User Group (CUG 2007) Conference, Seattle, WA, May 2007.
  • Kramer, William T.C., The New HPC Center – Where the Grid and Petascale Meet, 2007 Australian Partnership on Advanced Computing (APAC 07) Conference, (http://www.apac.edu.au/apac07/), October 8-12, 2007, Perth, Australia
  • Kramer, William T.C., Large System Evaluation and Selection at NERSC, 2007 2007 Australian Partnership on Advanced Computing (APAC 07) Conference, Workshop on System Selection (http://www.apac.edu.au/apac07/), October 8-12, 2007, Perth, Australia
  • Kramer, William T.C., NERSC, Cray’s XT4 and Alternative Operating Systems, 2007 Cray Technical Workshop, October 10-11, 2007, Tokyo Japan
  • Kramer, William T.C., NERSC Experience and Plans for Petascale Data, the Petascale Data Storage Workshop at SC 06, November 18, 2006 in Tampa, FL.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Large Scale System Evaluation at NERSC, Workshop on Procurement Best Practices at SC 06, November, 2006 in Tampa, FL.
  • Kramer, William T.C, Large System Evaluation at NERSC Evaluating Petascale Infrastructure Systems: Benchmarks, Models and Applications, panel Speaker on System Evaluation at SC 06, November, 2006 in Tampa, FL.
  • Kramer, William T.C., T.C., Science Driven Supercomputing, presentation at the IDC HPC User Forum, Oak Ridge, TN, September 15, 2006.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Make the Most of What You Buy by Assessing Cluster Performance, presentation at the HPC Expo Conference, September 14, 2006.
  • Kramer, William T.C., The Open Science Grid, invited presentation for the at the International Conference on Supercomputing, June 28, 2006, Dresden, Germany
  • Kramer, William T.C., Acquisition and Operation of HPC Systems, invited presentation at the International Conference on Supercomputing, June 28, 2006, Dresden, Germany
  • Kramer, William T.C., Petascale Systems and Services: What a National Facility Needs To Do To Help Science Use Petascale Computing, invited presentation for the Oak Ridge Seminar Series, Oak Ridge TN, June 6, 2006.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Data – Who Needs It?, Keynote Speaker at the Data Intensive Computing Environment (DICE) Workshop, Springfield OH, March 2006.
  • Kramer, William T.C., A Perspective on Future Trends and Directions for Hardware and Software, presentation at the HPC Expo Conference, September, 2005.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Ten Years of Clusters Where We Have Been And Where We May Go, Keynote Presentation at the 3rd Annual Symposium On the Use of Commodity Clusters for Large Scale Scientific Applications, Greenbelt MD, July 26-28, 2005.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Future Trends in HPC Hardware and Software, Keynote Presentation at the DOD High Performance Modernization Program User’s Meeting, Nashville, TN, July, 2005. – http://www.hpcmo.hpc.mil/Htdocs/UGC/UGC05/tuesday.html
  • Kramer, William, T.C., A Brief Overview of Performance Investigations at NERSC, invited presentation to the DOD Modernization Program Performance, Virginia, March 2005
  • NSF Terascale Application Benchmarking workshop – Sept 19-21, 2005.
  • Kramer, William T.C., NERSC: Where Data and Simulation Meet, presentation at the International IEEE-Computer Society Symposium Mass Storage Systems and Technologies, June 19-24, 2005 – Sardinia Italy
  • Kramer, William T.C., Science Driven Computer Design, and invited presentation at 11th ECMWF (European Center for Mid-range Metrological Forecasting) Workshop on Terascale Computing, – Reading England, November 2004.
  • Kramer, William T.C., NERSC: Where Simulation Meets Data, invited Keynote at the 2004 IBM Academy Meeting in San Francisco, October 2003
  • Kramer, William T.C., NERSC: Where Data Meets Simulation, Computational Atmospheric Sciences conference, Annecy France, September 2, 2003.
  • Kramer, William T.C., NERSC and Blue Planet, invited presentation at the 7th SciCOMP Conference, Gottingen, Germany, March 7, 2003.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Accelerating Scientific Discovery Through Advanced Computation, and invited keynote presentation at 10th ECMWF (European Center for Mid-range Metrological Forecasting) Workshop on Terascale Computing, – Reading England, November 2002.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Climate Research at the National Energy Research Supercomputer Center (NERSC), Computational Atmospheric Sciences conference, Annecy France, October 29 to November 2, 2001.
  • Kramer, William T.C., The National Energy Scientific Research Supercomputer Center, an invited presentation to the University of California Science and Technology Panel, June 2001.
  • Kramer, William T.C., NERSC – A Supercomputer Facility for the Next Millennium, Invited presentation at the Arctic Region Supercomputer Center Technology Panel, February 13, 2001
  • Kramer, William T.C., So, now that you have your Teraflops computer, what do you do?, invited presentation at the LBNL Science and Technology Seminars Series, September 11, 1998 at the LBNL Washington D.C. office.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Computational Climate Activities at NERSC, invited presentation at 1998 Computing in Atmospheric Sciences Workshop, Imperial Palace Annecy France, July 2, 1998.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Horst Simon, William Saphir, HECC Strategies, invited presentation at the DOE High End Computing Workshop, Sandia National Laboratory, October 7, 1997.
  • Kramer, William T.C., NASA’s Advanced Air Transportation Technologies Program and Free Flight, November 5, 1995, an invited presentation at Digital Avionics Systems Conference, Cambridge MA.
  • Kramer, William T.C., NASA’s Advanced Air Transportation Technologies Program and Free Flight, October 21, 1995, an invited presentation at Airline Dispatcher Federation Annual Symposium, Dallas Texas.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Distributed Computing Activities at NAS, invited presentation at Distributed Computing for Aeroscience Applications Workshop, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, Oct. 18-20, 1993.
  • Kramer, William T.C., NAS Experiences with UNICOS, December 9, 1987, an invited presentation for the CRI UNICOS Advisory Committee meeting.
  • Kramer, William T.C., Supercomputing in the NAS Environment, October 8, 1987, an invited presentation at the University of Stuttgart Regional Computer Center in Stuttgart, Germany.
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