DOE awards $2.2M to project at the intersection of AI and high-energy physics led by NCSA's Center for Artificial Intelligence Innovation

08.11.20 -

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) awards $2.2 million to the FAIR Framework for Physics-Inspired Artificial Intelligence in High Energy Physics project, spearheaded by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications' Center for Artificial Intelligence Innovation (CAII) and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). The primary focus of this project is to advance our understanding of the relationship between data and artificial intelligence (AI) models by exploring relationships among them through the development of FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable) frameworks. Using high-energy physics (HEP) as the science driver, this project will develop a FAIR framework to advance our understanding of AI, provide new insights to apply AI techniques, and provide an environment where novel approaches to AI can be explored.

This project is an interdisciplinary, multi-department, and multi-institutional effort led by Eliu Huerta, principal investigator, director of the CAII, senior research scientist at NCSA, and faculty in Physics, Astronomy, Computational Science and Engineering and the Illinois Center for Advanced Studies of the Universe at UIUC. "Innovative AI applications have enabled disruptive advances across disciplines. This realization has led to significant investments by DOE to create a rigorous framework that maximizes the impact of intuitive, AI-driven discovery," says Huerta. "As part of the mission of CAII, we create synergies across units and departments at U of I, and with collaborators across the U.S., to continue spearheading disruptive advances in AI, facilitating its use and adoption by new practitioners. This DOE award will enable us to further these activities."

NCSA's Center for Artificial Intelligence Innovation advances AI research, provides students with opportunities for career development in AI, and addresses industrial grand challenges through innovative use of AI by engaging the research community, students, and industry collaborators.

Alongside Huerta are co-PIs from Illinois: Zhizhen Zhao, assistant professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering (ECE) and Coordinated Science Laboratory; Mark Neubauer, professor of physics, member of Illinois Center for Advanced Studies of the Universe, and faculty affiliate in ECE, NCSA, and the CAII; Volodymyr Kindratenko, co-director of the CAII, senior research scientist at NCSA, and faculty at ECE and Computer Science (CS); Daniel S. Katz, assistant director of Scientific Software and Applications at NCSA, faculty in ECE, CS, and School of Information Sciences. In addition, the team is joined by co-PIs Roger Rusack, professor of physics at the University of Minnesota; Philip Harris, assistant professor of physics at MIT; and Javier Duarte, assistant professor in physics at UC San Diego.

This project aligns with the DOE's initiative to advance FAIR data principles that focuses on making AI data and models more accessible and reusable by application developers and researchers to further accelerate AI research and development. Through this award, the interdisciplinary and multi-institutional team of experts will lead the definition and adoption of FAIR principles for AI models and data in the context of HEP.

"We are very excited about the DOE's support for our project on establishing a FAIR framework for physics-inspired AI in HEP," says Zhao. "Our efforts for constructing the FAIR benchmark data in HEP and building a theoretical framework for FAIR AI models will lead to new interdisciplinary collaborations at the intersection of physics, engineering, and computer science and advance DOE's objectives in data-driven scientific discovery."

"I was excited to see DOE supporting using the concept of FAIR beyond data, which is where it was first created," says Katz. "I've been working on expanding FAIR beyond data, to software and notebooks, and this gives us the opportunity to take that experience and combine it with the AI and physics strengths of the university and our collaborators, to build and share the datasets and models that will enable new discoveries."

The UIUC High Energy Physics Group is pursuing a deep understanding of fundamental particles and their interactions, and the nature of dark matter and dark energy. Neubauer is a member of the ATLAS group at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) which contributed to the Higgs boson discovery that led to a Nobel Physics prize in 2013 and continues to search for new physics at the LHC. The collaboration between Illinois' CAII and HEP group will further the DOE's objective toward constructing a theoretical framework that makes the best use of AI in science and engineering.

"AI methods are key to maximizing the discovery potential in HEP as it enters the High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider era," says Neubauer. "Through support from the DOE, we will develop a FAIR framework for physics-inspired AI that will increase the performance and transparency of AI models used to interpret HEP data and strengthen collaboration between physicists and computer scientists for both HEP and AI research innovation."

"Creation of a FAIR framework for physics-inspired AI is an important undertaking that will benefit a large community of AI practitioners well beyond HEP," says Kindratenko. "Physics-inspired AI models are becoming increasingly popular to model complex processes that so far have been addressed mostly by solving differential equations on large-scale computer systems. The proposed framework will be instrumental in enabling model sharing and reuse across many disciplines. This is a great example of how an investment made by DOE will lead to innovations beyond its original target."

Read the full award summary. View the award summaries.

More information on recent NSF grants below:

NCSA collaborations awarded over $6.1M to accelerate data-intensive science

Collaborative Research: Advancing Science with Accelerated Machine Learning

  • Start Date: September 1, 2019; End Date: August 31, 2021
  • Award Amount to Date: $288,826
  • Investigators: Eliu Huerta (PI), Mark Neubauer (Co-PI), Volodymyr Kindratenko (Co-PI), Zhizhen Zhao (Co-PI)
  • Sponsor: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • NSF Program: Cyberinfrastructure

Collaborative Research: Frameworks: Machine Learning and FPGA Computing for Real-Time Applications in Big-Data Physics Experiments

  • Start Date: October 1, 2019; End Date: September 30, 2022
  • Award Amount to Date: $651,314
  • Investigators: Eliu Huerta (PI), Daniel S. Katz (Co-PI), Volodymyr Kindratenko (Co-PI)
  • Sponsor: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • NSF Program: Office of Multidisciplinary AC, Computational Physics, Software Institutes

About NCSA

The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign provides supercomputing and advanced digital resources for the nation's science enterprise. At NCSA, University of Illinois faculty, staff, students, and collaborators from around the globe use advanced digital resources to address research grand challenges for the benefit of science and society. NCSA has been advancing one third of the Fortune 50® for more than 30 years by bringing industry, researchers, and students together to solve grand challenges at rapid speed and scale.